Official blackjack casino rules

official blackjack casino rules

Traditionelle Casinos, sowie Online-Blackjack-Casinos, werden mindestens ein und bis zu acht Decks pro Spiel verwenden. Dies erschwert es Kartenzählern. Black Jack (auch Blackjack) ist das am meisten gespielte Karten-Glücksspiel, das in Dieses Reglement gilt in den meisten deutschen Casinos sowie in der Spielbank . Hält sich der Spieler an die folgenden − als Basic strategy bekannten. Traditionelle Casinos, sowie Online-Blackjack-Casinos, werden mindestens ein und bis zu acht Decks pro Spiel verwenden. Dies erschwert es Kartenzählern.

Here's a great chance to improve a bad situation. If you are playing a hand-held game, toss the cards face-up in front of your bet just like a double down.

Then, in either type of game, place a matching bet beside the original bet in the circle. Note that you must bet the same amount on a split, unlike a double-down where you are allowed to double for less.

The dealer will separate the two cards, and treat them as two independent hands. He will deal a second card on the first eight, and you will play that two-card hand to completion.

Many casinos will let you double-down on that two-card hand if you want. No matter what happens on your first hand, when you are done with it the dealer will deal a second card to your next hand and the process starts all over.

If you get additional pairs in the first two cards of a hand, most casinos will allow you to resplit, making yet another hand.

Typically a player is allowed to split up to 3 times, making 4 separate hands, with 4 separate bets. If double after split is allowed, you could have up to 8 times your initial bet on the table!

Note that you are allowed to split any valued cards, so you could split a Jack, Queen hand. However, this is usually a bad play. You will make more money on the pat 20 than you will trying to make two good hands from it.

I wrote a post about just that: Why Splitting Tens is a Bad Move. Another oddity comes when splitting Aces.

Splitting Aces is a very strong player move so the casino limits you to drawing only one additional card on each Ace. Also, if you draw a ten-valued card on one of your split Aces, the hand is not considered a Blackjack, but is instead treated as a normal 21, and therefore does not collect a 3: With all these limitations, you may wonder whether it makes sense to split Aces.

The answer is a resounding YES. For accurate advice on what other pairs you should split, consult the Blackjack Basic Strategy Engine. If you want to win at Blackjack, you will eventually need to learn basic strategy from a basic strategy chart or play the interactive strategy trainer.

However, there are some quick rules and tips that you can learn as a beginner to decrease the house edge and formulate a strategy. Remember there are more 10 value cards 10, J, Q, K than any other cards in the deck—so when a 10 will get you close to 21 and you are against a card that is bad for the dealer, you should double.

A player 9, 10, or 11 would always be a good double when a dealer is showing a 3, 4, 5, or 6. This is because the 3, 4, 5, and 6 are starting cards that are more likely to make a dealer bust.

The Ace is such a powerful card because pulling a 10 on a split will give you a Even though a 21 gained through a split is still only paid 1: Two fives total 10—which is a hand much better suited for doubling.

Insurance in blackjack is often misunderstood by players, and is a big money-maker for casinos. Naming this side-bet "insurance" was a brilliant marketing ploy, and some otherwise solid players will frequently make this bad bet to "insure" when they have a good hand.

But actually, insurance is not always a bad bet. For players who can recognize when the remaining deck is rich in ten-valued cards, this can actually be a profitable side-bet.

Insurance is a proposition bet that is available only when the dealer's upcard is an Ace. When the dealer turns up an Ace, he will offer "Insurance" to the players.

Insurance bets can be made by betting up to half your original bet amount in the insurance betting stripe in front of your bet. The dealer will check to see if he has a value card underneath his Ace, and if he does have Blackjack, your winning Insurance bet will be paid at odds of 2: You will still lose your original bet unless you also have a Blackjack , so the net effect is that you break even assuming you bet the full half bet for insurance.

This is why the bet is described as "insurance", since it seems to protect your original bet against a dealer blackjack. Of course, if the dealer does not have blackjack, you'll lose the insurance bet, and still have to play the original bet out.

Insurance is simply a side-bet offering 2: Not surprisingly, the casino has a substantial edge on this bet. In a single deck game, there are 16 ten-valued cards.

Assuming that you don't see any other cards, including your own, the tens compose 16 out of 51 remaining cards after the dealer's Ace was removed.

That creates a 5. It's even worse in six decks with a 7. Card counters can still beat the insurance bet, by only making the bet when they know that more than one-third of the remaining cards are tens.

Unless you are card counter and know the deck is skewed sufficiently, just ignore the insurance bet. It doesn't matter whether you have a good hand or a bad hand.

If you have a blackjack when the dealer turns up an Ace, he is likely to offer you "even money" instead of the insurance bet.

If you accept, the dealer will pay you the amount of your original bet and discard your hand of blackjack, before he even checks under his Ace to see if he has a blackjack as well.

Many players think this sounds like a good deal, guaranteeing a profit even if the dealer has a blackjack. But that guaranteed profit comes at a price.

Let me show you how it works:. So, casinos allow you to eliminate the insurance bet altogether, and simply declare that you want "even money" for your blackjack when the dealer has an Ace showing.

The problem is that you are still making a bad bet on insurance, which costs you money. A player who does not count cards should simply never take the insurance bet, even the "even money" variety.

Some games offer the player a chance to fold their hand, and forfeit half of their bet. This surrender option must be done as the very first action the player takes on the hand.

In other words, you can't draw a card and then decide to bail out! Even when surrender is available, it is rarely used by players.

Often, the rules posted at the table won't mention it even if the casino allows it. And many players just don't like the idea of surrendering a hand.

But for a smart player, it is a useful option, and reduces the house advantage by about 0. When surrender is available, make sure you know the correct strategy for using it.

Most players who use the option surrender too many hands. If your game offers surrender, I recommend reading my complete explanation of blackjack surrender.

In the most common variety known as "late" surrender , a player cannot surrender until after the dealer has checked for blackjack.

If the dealer has blackjack, you will lose your entire bet with no chance of surrendering for half the cost. Generally, the dealer in blackjack must hit if he has a total of 16 or less, and stand if he has 17 or more.

Seventeen is a weak hand, so if the dealer is allowed to try to improve the soft 17 hands, it makes the game tougher.

When a dealer is allowed to hit soft 17, it adds about 0. Almost all other areas used the better rule of standing on all 17s.

Over the years, more and more casinos have switched to hitting soft 17, and there are now far more H17 games than S17 games. You can still find some games where the dealer stands on all 17s, even in casinos where some of the tables use the H17 rule.

After splitting a pair, many casinos will allow you to double-down on a two-card hand that arises as a result of the split.

For example, if you split a pair of eights, and draw a 3 on the first hand, it is valuable to be able to double-down on the resulting hand of As mentioned in the previous section discussion on pair splitting, there are several common restrictions on splitting Aces.

You will receive only one card on each Ace after splitting. Some casinos will allow you to resplit if you draw another Ace, and some will not.

That's true even if the casino allows resplits of all other pairs. Many casinos in Europe, and some in other parts of the world, handle the dealer's second card differently.

In these "European No Hole Card" games, the dealer only deals himself one card at the beginning of the round. After all the players have completed their hands, he deals his own second card and completes the hand.

Contrast that with the normal US style of play. There, if the dealer has a ten or Ace card up, he checks the other card immediately to see if he has a blackjack.

If he does, the hand is over. This process of "peeking" under the hole card to check for blackjack means that players can only lose one bet per hand if the dealer has a blackjack.

In a No-Hole-Card game, a player might split or double and have multiple bets at risk to a dealer blackjack, because the dealer cannot check ahead of time.

This changes the optimal strategy, and means that players should usually not split or double against a dealer ten or Ace upcard. An exception is splitting Aces against a dealer ten.

Note that there are a few no-hole-card games where the rules specifically say that only one bet will be collected from a player if the dealer has a blackjack.

In those games, although there is no hole card, you can play the game as if there were. That means you should play it as a Peek game, even though there's not really a peek!

It's all a bit confusing. When the No-Hole-Card rule is in use, and all bets are at risk to a dealer blackjack, it costs the player 0.

Use the "No-Peek" option at our Strategy Engine. Ok this one's an extremely rare variation which I doubt you will see in any casinos today but I thought I'd mention.

Similarly there is a rule variation whereby the player automatically wins when drawing 7 cards without busting which is called a "Seven Card Charlie".

The most important item is the sign declaring betting limits. Both the minimum and the maximum allowable bets should be on a sign on the table-top.

Look around to find a table that suits your bet sizes. Make sure that the table you have selected is actually for blackjack, and not another of the many kinds of table games that casinos offer.

Look on the table for the phrase " Blackjack pays 3 to 2 ". Avoid any games that say " Blackjack pays 6 to 5 " instead.

See 6 to 5 Blackjack? Beginners should start off playing the shoe games. The advantage in this style is that all of the players' cards are dealt face-up, so the dealer and other players can easily help you with playing questions and decisions.

Once you become proficient at the game, you may want to switch to a game with fewer decks since that lowers the casino's advantage. The dealer will exchange the entire amount of cash for the equivalent in chips, and drop the cash into a box on the table.

Take a quick look at the chips to make sure you know the value of each color. If you have any questions, just ask the dealer.

Part of his job is to help players learn the game. Once you are ready to place a bet, wait for the current hand to be completed, then push your bet into the betting circle.

Your chips should be in one stack. If you are betting multiple denominations of chips, place the larger valued chips on the bottom of the stack, and the smaller value chips on top.

Once the cards have been dealt, you are not allowed to touch the bet in the circle. If you need to know how much you have bet for doubling or splitting explained later , the dealer will count down the chips for you.

Once the hand is over, the dealer will move around the table to each position in turn, paying winning hands and collecting the chips from losing hands.

After the dealer has paid you, you can remove your chips from the circle, and place your next bet. If you want to let your winnings ride, you will need to form one stack of chips from the two or more stacks on the table after the dealer pays you.

Remember, higher value chips should be placed on the bottom of the stack. When you are ready to leave the table, you do not cash in your chips the same way you bought them.

The dealer cannot give you cash for the chips at the table. To do that, you must take the chips to the casino cashier. If you have a lot of low denomination chips in front of you at the table, you should trade them for the equivalent higher value chips instead.

In between hands, just tell the dealer you want to "color up", and he will have you push your chips into the middle of the table.

He will count them down, and give you a smaller stack of chips that amount to the same value. This makes them easier to carry for you, and for the dealer it maintains his supply of smaller chips.

Now you can take those chips to another table for more play, or head to the casino cashier where you can exchange them for cash.

So, if you have made it this far, congratulations. You should have a good idea of what to expect when you sit down at a blackjack table in the casino.

What we have not talked about is how to actually make the best decisions while playing the game. That is a whole subject all its own. To have the best chance of winning, you should learn and practice "basic strategy", which is the mathematically best way to play each hand against each possible dealer upcard.

For a free chart that shows the right play in every case, visit our Blackjack Basic Strategy Engine. If you are looking to play from the comfort of your home, you can visit our online blackjack or live dealer blackjack sections for further resources.

Hopefully I've covered just about everything you need. But if you have other questions, feel free to post a reply at the bottom of the page.

The best possible blackjack hand is an opening deal of an ace with any ten-point card. This is called a "blackjack", or a natural 21, and the player holding this automatically wins unless the dealer also has a blackjack.

If a player and the dealer each have a blackjack, the result is a push for that player. If the dealer has a blackjack, all players not holding a blackjack lose.

After the cards have been dealt, the game goes on with each player taking action - in clockwise order starting to dealer's left. You can only use the side rules once, when it's your turn to act after the deal.

Then the player can keep his hand as it is stand or take more cards from the deck hit , one at a time, until either the player judges that the hand is strong enough to go up against the dealer's hand and stands, or until it goes over 21, in which case the player immediately loses busts.

In most places, players can take as many cards as they like, as long as they don't bust, but some casinos have restrictions regarding this. When all players have finished their actions, either decided to stand or busted, the dealer turns over his hidden hole card.

If the dealer has a natural 21 blackjack with his two cards, he won't take any more cards. All players lose, except players who also have a blackjack, in which case it is a push - the bet is returned to the player.

If the dealer doesn't have a natural, he hits takes more cards or stands depending on the value of the hand. Contrary to the player, though, the dealer's action is completely dictated by the rules.

The dealer must hit if the value of the hand is lower than 17, otherwise the dealer will stand. Whether or not the dealer must hit on a soft 17 a hand of 17 containing an ace being counted as 11 differs from casino to casino.

There might even be blackjack tables with different rules within the same casino. If the dealer goes bust, all players who are left in the game win.

Otherwise players with higher point totals than the dealer win, while players with lower totals than the dealer lose. For those with the same total as the dealer the result is a push: Players with a blackjack win a bet plus a bonus amount, which is normally equal to half their original wager.

A blackjack hand beats any other hand, also those with a total value of 21 but with more cards. As described above, if the dealer has a blackjack, players with blackjack make a push, while all other players lose.

Above, the basic rules of blackjack are described. In addition, numerous side rules allow for more intricate betting strategies.

These side rules can only be used immediately after the deal, before you take any more cards. You cannot, for example, take a third card and then decide to double down.

The most widely practiced options are explained below: When the dealer's face-up card is an ace, each player gets the chance to bet on whether the dealer has a blackjack or not.

This is done before any other player actions. The insurance wager equals your original bet and is used to cancel out the likely loss of this bet.

A winning insurance bet will be paid at odds of 2: Strategy guides tend to advice against taking insurance. If you have a bad hand compared to the dealer's hand judging from what you can see of it, you can give up the hand and reclaim half your bet.

The casino keeps the other half uncontested. You need a really bad hand match-up for a surrender to be profitable, such as 16 vs the dealer showing a The objective is to get a hand total of closer to 21 than the dealer without going over 21 busting.

At the start of a Blackjack game, the players and the dealer receive two cards each. The players' cards are normally dealt face up, while the dealer has one face down called the hole card and one face up.

The best possible Blackjack hand is an opening deal of an ace with any ten-point card. The house advantage of this game is derived from several rules that favour the dealer.

The most significant of these is that the player must act before the dealer, allowing the player to bust and lose their bet before the dealer plays.

Players should be aware that there is another card game called Black Jack in the UK which is an entirely different card game, effectively the same as Crazy Eights.

Gambling can be dangerously addictive. You can find information and advice on our Responsible Gambling page. It gives advice to UK players on the differences between the many different versions of Blackjack and where each of them can be played.

Blackjack is played with a standard international deck of cards with the Jokers removed, leaving 52 cards.

Originally the game was played with a single deck. However, as a counter measure to card counting , casinos introduced multi-deck games, based on the false assumption that if there were more cards in play it would be harder for the card counter to keep track of them all.

As a result, Blackjack is now usually offered in either single deck, double deck, 4 deck, 6 deck or 8 deck variants.

It should be noted that there are exceptions in online casinos where far larger numbers of decks can be used than would be practical to manage offline.

After the dealer has shuffled a player will be selected at random and asked to take the cut card — a coloured plastic card matching the playing cards in size — and place it at a random position within stack of cards.

The dealer will then move the cards above the cut card to the back of the stack. This technique is intended to demonstrate to the players that the dealer cannot have rigged the deck.

The cut card is then reinserted into the stack of cards by the dealer at a pre-defined position and when this card is reached this indicates the final deal of the game before the cards are shuffled.

Where multiple decks are used, after the shuffle the cards will be placed into a dispenser called a shoe. This piece of equipment has two purposes: In fact hole carding is not illegal in the vast majority of jurisdictions.

If the dealer is poorly trained or sloppy enough to fail to protect their down card from being seen by a player at the table this is not the player's fault and the player is not obliged to look away to prevent themselves seeing the down card.

If however the player uses any form of device, for instance a metal lighter to observe the reflection in, or an accomplice off table signals the information to them, this is cheating.

Hole carding is only legal where the player can see the card naturally from one of the player positions at the table. When playing Blackjack the numeral cards 2 to 10 have their face values, Jacks, Queens and Kings are valued at 10, and Aces can have a value of either 1 or The Ace is always valued at 11 unless that would result in the hand going over 21, in which case it is valued as 1.

A starting hand of a 10 valued card and an Ace is called a Blackjack or natural and beats all hands other than another Blackjack.

If both the player and dealer have Blackjack, the result is a push tie: Each player sitting at the table places their desired bet in the betting circle directly in front of them.

In most casinos if there are untaken betting circles, the players sitting at the table can choose to play more than one hand at a time.

The minimum and maximum bet size varies from casino to casino, generally with a ratio of 40 to between them. Once the bets are placed the dealer will move their hand across the table from their left to their right signalling that no further bets can be placed.

The dealer then deals cards one at a time clockwise around the table, from the dealer's left to the dealer's right: In many places the dealer's first card is initially dealt face down.

The dealer's second card is used to flip the first card face up and then slid underneath the first card. The exact dealing protocol varies from place to place as determined by the casino management.

If the dealer has a 10 or an Ace face up players are offered the option to place an Insurance bet. If a player chooses to take insurance they place an additional bet equal to half of their original bet.

This insurance bet wins if the dealer has Blackjack. The dealer now checks their down card to see if they have Blackjack.

If they have Blackjack they expose their down card. The round is concluded and all players lose their original bet unless they also have Blackjack.

If a player and the dealer each have Blackjack the result is a push and the player's bet is returned. Any insurance bets are paid out at 2: If the dealer does not have Blackjack any insurance bets are lost and any players who have Blackjack are paid.

It is then the turn of the remaining players to take their actions. Starting with the player sitting furthest to dealer's left they have the following options:.

The player can take this action after any of the other player actions as long as their hand total is not more than The hand signal to Stand is waving a flat hand over the cards.

Hit — If the player wishes to take another card they signal to the dealer to by scratching the felt beside their hand or pointing to their hand.

A single card is then played face up onto their hand. If the hand total is less than 21 the player can choose to Hit again or Stand.

If the total is 21 the hand automatically stands. Double Down — If the player considers they have a favourable hand, generally a total of 9, 10 or 11, they can choose to 'Double Down'.

To do this they place a second wager equal to their first beside their first wager. A player who doubles down receives exactly one more card face up and is then forced to stand regardless of the total.

This option is only available on the player's two-card starting hand. Some casinos will restrict which starting hand totals can be doubled. Where the player chooses to do this the cards are separated and an additional card is dealt to complete each hand.

If either hand receives a second card of matching rank the player may be offered the option to split again, though this depends on the rules in the casino.

Generally the player is allowed a maximum of 4 hands after which no further splits are allowed.

Official blackjack casino rules -

However, if a table is running hot and everyone is winning, you might want to consider waiting until the next shuffle. Wird eine Soft hand aus nur zwei Karten gebildet, ist möglicherweise auch eine Verdopplung sinnvoll. Die Art der Kartenausgabe ist vielfach unterschiedlich, in den USA erhält der Croupier in der Regel seine zweite Karte unmittelbar nachdem alle Spieler ihre ersten beiden Karten erhalten haben — also nicht erst, nachdem alle Spieler sich erklärt haben und bedient sind. Diese Blackjackrichtlinien sind darauf ausgelegt, den Hausvorteil langfristig zu schützen, indem man sicherstellt, dass der Dealer jedes Mal ein einfaches, fehlerfreies Spiel spielt. Wenn Sie also vergessen, wo Sie sich befinden, müssen Sie warten, bis alle Decks im Schlitten ausgeteilt wurden.

blackjack casino rules official -

Kartenzähler wollen jedoch möglichst wenige Kartendecks, um ihre Zählung zu vereinfachen. You will frustrate the other players if you spend ages looking over your card every time you have a decision to make. Die Anzahl der verwendeten Decks beeinflusst auch die ideale Strategie, um 21 zu spielen und zu überlegen, wann Sie Ihren Einsatz verdoppeln sollten. Hat der Croupier einen Black Jack , verlieren alle noch im Spiel befindlichen Teilnehmer, ausgenommen diejenigen, welche ebenfalls einen Black Jack besitzen; insbesondere verlieren auch diejenigen Spieler, welche 21 Punkte in der Hand halten. However, if a table is running hot and everyone is winning, you might want to consider waiting until the next shuffle. Bildkarten sind 10 wert, mit Ausnahme des Asses, das 1 oder 11 wert ist. Casinos haben Spieler zu dem Glauben verleitet, dass dies eine gute Wette ist, weil sie ihren Haupteinsatz gegen den Verlust gegen einen Blackjack des Dealers versichert bzw. Ihm gegenüber befinden sich die Plätze für bis zu sieben Spieler Pointeure.

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Official Blackjack Casino Rules Video

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At the start of a Blackjack game, the players and the dealer receive two cards each. The players' cards are normally dealt face up, while the dealer has one face down called the hole card and one face up.

The best possible Blackjack hand is an opening deal of an ace with any ten-point card. The house advantage of this game is derived from several rules that favour the dealer.

The most significant of these is that the player must act before the dealer, allowing the player to bust and lose their bet before the dealer plays.

Players should be aware that there is another card game called Black Jack in the UK which is an entirely different card game, effectively the same as Crazy Eights.

Gambling can be dangerously addictive. You can find information and advice on our Responsible Gambling page.

It gives advice to UK players on the differences between the many different versions of Blackjack and where each of them can be played.

Blackjack is played with a standard international deck of cards with the Jokers removed, leaving 52 cards. Originally the game was played with a single deck.

However, as a counter measure to card counting , casinos introduced multi-deck games, based on the false assumption that if there were more cards in play it would be harder for the card counter to keep track of them all.

As a result, Blackjack is now usually offered in either single deck, double deck, 4 deck, 6 deck or 8 deck variants. It should be noted that there are exceptions in online casinos where far larger numbers of decks can be used than would be practical to manage offline.

After the dealer has shuffled a player will be selected at random and asked to take the cut card — a coloured plastic card matching the playing cards in size — and place it at a random position within stack of cards.

The dealer will then move the cards above the cut card to the back of the stack. This technique is intended to demonstrate to the players that the dealer cannot have rigged the deck.

The cut card is then reinserted into the stack of cards by the dealer at a pre-defined position and when this card is reached this indicates the final deal of the game before the cards are shuffled.

Where multiple decks are used, after the shuffle the cards will be placed into a dispenser called a shoe.

This piece of equipment has two purposes: In fact hole carding is not illegal in the vast majority of jurisdictions. If the dealer is poorly trained or sloppy enough to fail to protect their down card from being seen by a player at the table this is not the player's fault and the player is not obliged to look away to prevent themselves seeing the down card.

If however the player uses any form of device, for instance a metal lighter to observe the reflection in, or an accomplice off table signals the information to them, this is cheating.

Hole carding is only legal where the player can see the card naturally from one of the player positions at the table.

When playing Blackjack the numeral cards 2 to 10 have their face values, Jacks, Queens and Kings are valued at 10, and Aces can have a value of either 1 or The Ace is always valued at 11 unless that would result in the hand going over 21, in which case it is valued as 1.

A starting hand of a 10 valued card and an Ace is called a Blackjack or natural and beats all hands other than another Blackjack. If both the player and dealer have Blackjack, the result is a push tie: Each player sitting at the table places their desired bet in the betting circle directly in front of them.

In most casinos if there are untaken betting circles, the players sitting at the table can choose to play more than one hand at a time. The minimum and maximum bet size varies from casino to casino, generally with a ratio of 40 to between them.

Once the bets are placed the dealer will move their hand across the table from their left to their right signalling that no further bets can be placed.

The dealer then deals cards one at a time clockwise around the table, from the dealer's left to the dealer's right: In many places the dealer's first card is initially dealt face down.

The dealer's second card is used to flip the first card face up and then slid underneath the first card. The exact dealing protocol varies from place to place as determined by the casino management.

If the dealer has a 10 or an Ace face up players are offered the option to place an Insurance bet. If a player chooses to take insurance they place an additional bet equal to half of their original bet.

This insurance bet wins if the dealer has Blackjack. The dealer now checks their down card to see if they have Blackjack.

If they have Blackjack they expose their down card. The round is concluded and all players lose their original bet unless they also have Blackjack.

If a player and the dealer each have Blackjack the result is a push and the player's bet is returned.

Any insurance bets are paid out at 2: If the dealer does not have Blackjack any insurance bets are lost and any players who have Blackjack are paid.

It is then the turn of the remaining players to take their actions. Starting with the player sitting furthest to dealer's left they have the following options:.

The player can take this action after any of the other player actions as long as their hand total is not more than The hand signal to Stand is waving a flat hand over the cards.

Hit — If the player wishes to take another card they signal to the dealer to by scratching the felt beside their hand or pointing to their hand.

A single card is then played face up onto their hand. If the hand total is less than 21 the player can choose to Hit again or Stand.

If the total is 21 the hand automatically stands. Double Down — If the player considers they have a favourable hand, generally a total of 9, 10 or 11, they can choose to 'Double Down'.

To do this they place a second wager equal to their first beside their first wager. A player who doubles down receives exactly one more card face up and is then forced to stand regardless of the total.

This option is only available on the player's two-card starting hand. Some casinos will restrict which starting hand totals can be doubled. Where the player chooses to do this the cards are separated and an additional card is dealt to complete each hand.

If either hand receives a second card of matching rank the player may be offered the option to split again, though this depends on the rules in the casino.

Generally the player is allowed a maximum of 4 hands after which no further splits are allowed. The split hands are played one at a time in the order in which they were dealt, from the dealer's left to the delaer's right.

The player has all the usual options: A player who splits Aces is usually only allowed to receive a single additional card on each hand. Normally players are allowed to split two non-matching value cards, for example a King and a Jack.

If Aces are split and the player draws a Ten or if Tens are split and the player draws an Ace, the resulting hand does not count as a Blackjack but only as an ordinary In this case the player's two-card 21 will push tie with dealer's 21 in three or more cards.

Surrender — Most casinos allow a player to surrender, taking back half their bet and giving up their hand. Surrender must be the player's first and only action on the hand.

In the most usual version, known as Late Surrender, it is after the dealer has checked the hole card and does not have a Blackjack. After all players have completed their actions the dealer plays their hand according to fixed rules.

First they will reveal their down card. The dealer will then continue to take cards until they have a total of 17 or higher.

This rule will be clearly printed on the felt of the table. If the dealer busts all non-busted player hands are automatically winners.

If a player wins a hand they are paid out at 1: If the player has Blackjack they are paid at 3: This effectively results in a push overall for the hand.

In some casinos the players' initial two-card hands are dealt face down. All additional cards dealy to the player are given face up.

The initial cards are revealed by the player if the hand goes bust, or if the player wishes to split a pair. Otherwise the dealer reveals the cards at the end of the round when it is time to settle the bets.

This style of game is rare nowadays: Dealer's second card is dealt after all players have acted, and the dealer checks for Blackjack at this point.

Player Blackjacks are paid at the end of the round if the dealer does not have Blackjack. If the dealer has Blackjack the rules regarding Doubled and Split hands vary from casino to casino.

Some casinos will take both bets while others will only take the initial bet and return the other. It should be noted that some casinos have started to offer a reduced payout on Blackjack, most commonly 6: This is very bad for the player, increasing the House Edge significantly.

Any game offering a reduced payout on Blackjack should be avoided by players. The maximum number of hands that can be created by splitting depends on the rules in the casino: When splitting 10 value cards, not all casinos will allow players to split non-matching 10 cards.

For instance, in some casinos you could split two Jacks but could not split a King and a Jack. Traditional land-based casinos, as well as online blackjack casinos, will use between one and as many as eight decks per game.

While counting cards is legal, a casino will ban anyone it considers to be a highly skilled player capable of imposing an advantage over the house in one or more casino games.

Counting cards essentially is the act of tracking the number of high and low-value cards used to better predict a more likely outcome on a particular hand.

The blackjack rules assign numerical blackjack card values to every card. When you play the house, you play against the casino, which is represented by the dealer.

The dealer will then deal one card facing up to each player and then the house. Each successive player then decides whether to hit or stand.

After all the players have completed their hands or gone bust, the dealer reveals his or her hand. Some casinos, though, might declare a push to be either a loss or a win for the player.

The dealer essentially plays by the same strict set of casino rules at all times. Those blackjack rules are designed to protect the house advantage over the long term by ensuring the dealer plays a simple, mistake-free game every time.

Over the long run, that means the house will earn a profit—no matter how many card players try to beat it over time.

In fact, the more people try to beat the house, the more the house will win from those who are gambling without abiding by a similarly strict set of blackjack rules.

If the card total is 16 points or lower, the dealer will always draw another card from the deck.

The dealer will continue drawing cards from the deck until the house hand has at least 17 points, or until it goes bust by going over If the dealer has 17 points off the deal without an Ace, most blackjack rules say the dealer will stand, even if a 21 player has a higher total.

The dealer also might have a soft 17 hand, which is one that includes an Ace and any other cards whose combined value totals six points. Both land-based casinos and online blackjack casinos who support live dealer blackjack require dealers to take at least one more card with the dealer has a soft 17 showing.

While playing blackjack, as soon as a player is dealt a winning hand, the house pays out immediately. These games are the most unfavorable to the player and should be avoided.

That makes it very important to ensure you know the house blackjack rules before you begin gambling. The table limits in blackjack vary from one casino to the next—both in land-based and online gambling casinos.

Most 21 gaming tables accommodate up to six players, but the cost of high-limit tables generally limits the number of players.

Insurance essentially is a bet on whether or not the dealer has 21 right off of the deal, and requires players to lay half their initial wagers.

If the dealer has 21, the house will pay the insurance bets at 2: That payoff will wipe out the loss from the initial wager.

If the dealer does have 21, the player will lose the initial bet but will receive a 1: If both have 21, most blackjack rules say that is a push.

Some casino 21 rules, though, give ties to the dealer when it comes to a blackjack. In most cases, though, a push results in the player getting back his or her wager.

If the dealer does not have blackjack, anyone who bought insurance will lose that amount, regardless how the rest of the hand plays out.

It is important to note that players have a variety of options to choose from after their first two cards are dealt. The decisions they make should take into account the cards held by other players at the table, as well as the dealer.

In most cases, a player normally stands when the point value of their cards is between 16 and If a dealer has less than 17, they must continue drawing cards until they reach 17 or above, without going over If the scores of the player and the dealer are equal, the player receives their original bet back, and this is a push.

Should the dealer bust or go over 21 at any point, all the players at the table will win and receive a 1: Any player who had blackjack would have already been paid out at least 3: Depending on the casino, some will let players cut their losses by surrendering half their bets after the initial deal.

An early surrender allows the player to surrender when a 10 or face card is drawn without checking the hole-card for blackjack.

That could be preferable if the dealer is showing a particularly strong hand, like an Ace. A late surrender allows the player to surrender after checking the hole-card, but before the dealer reveals his or her hand.

Many players view the early surrender as more favorable, especially if the dealer is showing an Ace. For example, virtually all players of 21 will split a pair of Aces by placing an additional bet to create two potentially winning hands.

After receiving two more cards, the player determines whether to hit or stand with each of the two hands he or she now has. Depending on the cards dealt, splitting your cards can double your chances of hitting a blackjack.

Splitting cards can also at least double your potential winnings from the same initial hand dealt. Most will not split a pair of cards worth 20 points, for example, while all will split a pair of Aces.

Another popular play that could double your potential winnings—and losses—on a particular hand is the double down.

The double down allows you to double your wager after the initial bet, but you only get one more card. Many skilled players use a strict system based on statistical probability to determine the ideal times to double down.

As with splitting cards, that assessment includes what the dealer is showing off the deal, plus other cards that might already have gone into play.

The number of decks used also affects the ideal strategy for playing 21 and considering when to double down on your bet.

Many casinos play by the traditional 21 rules that were once popular on the Las Vegas Strip, which is traditionally called American 21 Or Vegas Rules.

These games are more common online and at small casinos that focus on locals.

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